The CIA & the Death of Bob Marley

Post anything thoughts/comments you may have related to our music. We have four discs out; Made In America, Sex lies and Politiks, Next!, and Game of love. We would love to hear from you....
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The CIA & the Death of Bob Marley

Post#1 » Mon Oct 03, 2005 3:15 am

Every body in the band feels that Marley was wasted by the powers that be. Cant have anyone teaching LOVE to ALL of humanity The Satan fucks of the world HATE with total WATE anyone not sharing their misery, let alone teaching others to love, and love one another.

We also feel that comedian Bill Hicks was taken out by the same powers.

The CIA & the Death of Bob Marley
Story by Alex Constantine. ... ey08_1.htm

Did a soccer accident really cause Bob Marley's death, as has been widely reported? Or was the dark hand of CIA covert operations behind the death of the greatest countercultural prophet of our time?

Marley knew the drill-in Jamaica, at the height of his success, when music and politics were still one, before the fog of censorship rolled into the island, old wounds were opened by a wave of destabilization politics. Stories appeared in the local, regional and international press downsizing the achievements of the quasi-socialist Jamaican government under Prime Minister Michael Manley. In the late 1970s, the island was flooded with cheap guns, heroin, cocaine, right-wing propaganda, death-squad rule and, as Grenada's Prime Minister Maurice Bishop described it three years later, the CIA's "pernicious attempts [to] wreck the economy."

"Destabilization," Bishop told the emergent New Jewel Party, "is the name given the most recently developed method of controlling and exploiting the lives and resources of a country and its people by a bigger and more powerful country through bullying, intimidation and violence."

In response to the fascistic machinations of the CIA, Marley wove his lyrics into a revolutionary crucifix to ward off the cloak-and-dagger "vampires" descending upon the island. June 1976: Then-Governor-General Florizel Glasspole placed Jamaica under martial law to stanch the bloody pre-election violence. Prime Minister Manley's People's National Party asked the Wailers to play at the Smile Jamaica concert in December. Despite the rising political mayhem, Marley agreed to perform.

In late November, a death squad slipped beneath the gates at Marley's home on Hope Road in Kingston. As biographer Timothy White tells it, at about 9 PM, "the torpor of the quiet tropical night was interrupted by a queer noise that was not quite like a firecracker." Marley was in the kitchen at the rear of the house eating a grapefruit when he heard the bursts of automatic gunfire. Don Taylor, Marley's manager, had been talking to the musician when the bullets ripped through the back of his legs. The men were "peppering the house with a barrage of rifle and pistol fire, shattering windows and splintering plaster and woodwork on the first floor." Rita Marley, trying to escape with her children and a reporter from the Jamaica Daily News, was shot by one of the men in the front yard. The bullet caught her in the head, lifting her off her feet as it burrowed between scalp and skull.

Meanwhile, a man with an automatic rifle had burst through the back door off the pantry, pushing past a fleeing Seeco Patterson, the Wailers' percussionist, to aim beyond Don Taylor at Bob Marley. The gunman got off eight shots. One bullet struck a counter, another buried itself in the ceiling, and five tore into Taylor. He fell but remained conscious, with four bullets in his legs and one buried at the base of his spine. The last shot creased Marley's breast below his heart and drilled deep into his arm.

The survival of the reggae singer and his entire entourage appeared to be the work of Rasta. "The firepower these guys apparently brought with them was immense," Wailers publicist Jeff Walker recalls. "There were bullet holes everywhere. In the kitchen, the bathroom, the living room, floors, ceilings, doorways and outside."
There has since been widespread belief that the CIA arranged the hit on Hope Road. Neville Garrick, a Marley insider and former art director of the Jamaica Daily News, had film of "suspicious characters" lurking near the house before the assassination attempt. The day of the shooting, he had snapped some photos of Marley standing beside a Volkswagen in a pool of mango-tree shade. The strangers in the background made Marley nervous; he told Garrick that they appeared to be "scouting" the property. In the prints, however, their features were too blurred by shadow to make out. After the concert, Garrick took the photographs and prints to Nassau. Sadly, while the Wailers and crew prepared to board a flight to London, he discovered that the film had been stolen.
Many of the CIA's files on Bob Marley remain classified to the present day. However, on December 5, 1976, a week after the assault on Hope Road, the Wailers appeared at the Smile Jamaica fest, despite their wounds, to perform one long, defiant anthem of rage directed at the CIA-"War"-suggesting the Wailers' own attitude toward the "vampires" from Langley:

Until the ignoble and unhappy regimes
That now hold our brothers
In Angola, in Mozambique,
South Africa
In subhuman bondage
Have been toppled,
Utterly destroyed,
Everywhere is war…

Only a handful of Marley's most trusted comrades knew of the band's whereabouts before the festival. Yet a member of the film crew, or so he claimed-reportedly, he didn't have a camera-managed to talk his way past machete-bearing Rastas to enter the Hope Road encampment: one Carl Colby, son of the late CIA director William Colby.

While the band prepared for the concert, a gift was delivered, according to a witness at the enclave-a new pair of boots for Bob Marley. Former Los Angeles cinematographer Lee Lew-Lee (his camera work can be seen in the Oscar-winning documentary The Panama Deception) was close friends with members of the Wailers, and he believes that Marley's cancer can be traced to the boots: "He put his foot in and said, 'Ow!' A friend got in there… he said, 'let's [get] in the boot, and he pulled a length of copper wire out-it was embedded in the boot."

Had the wire been treated chemically with a carcinogenic toxin? The appearance of Colby at Marley's compound was certainly provocative. (And so was Colby's subsequent part in the fall of another black cultural icon, O.J. Simpson, nearly 20 years later. At Simpson's preliminary hearing in 1995, Colby-who resided next door to Nicole Simpson on Gretna Green Way in Brentwood, a mile from her residence on Bundy-and his wife both took the stand to testify for the prosecution that Nicole's ex-husband had badgered and threatened her. Colby's testimony was instrumental in the formal charge of murder filed against Simpson and the nationally televised fiasco known as the "Trial of the Century.")

Seventeen years after the Hope Road assault, Don Taylor published a memoir, Marley and Me, in which he alleges that a "senior CIA agent" had been planted among the crew as part of the plan to "assassinate" Marley. It's possible that this lapse in security allowed Colby entrance to the compound. It's clear that the CIA wanted Marley out of the picture. After the assassination attempt, a rumor circulated that the CIA was going to finish Marley off. The source of the rumor was the agency itself. The Wailers had set out on a world tour, and CIA agents informed Marley that should he return to Jamaica before the election, he would be murdered.

Taylor and others close to Marley suspect that it was more than a threat. Lew-Lee recalls: "I didn't think so at the time, but I've always had my suspicions because Marley later broke his toe playing soccer, and when the bone wouldn't mend the doctors found that the toe had cancer. The cancer metastasized throughout his body, but [Marley] believed he could fight this thing."
British researcher Michael Conally observes: "They certainly had reasons for wanting to. For one, Marley's highly charged message music made him an important figure that the rest of the world was beginning to notice. It was an influence that was hard to ignore, least of all because everywhere you went you saw middle- and upper-class white people sprouting dreadlocks, smoking spliffs and adopting the Rastafarian lifestyle. This sort of thing didn't sit well with traditionalists and authoritarian types."

The soccer game took place in Paris in 1977, five months after the boot incident. Marley took to the field with one of the leading teams in the country to break the monotony of the Wailers' "Exodus" tour. His right toe was injured in a tackle. The toenail came off. At first, it wasn't considered a serious wound.

But it would not heal. Marley was limping by July and consulted a physician, who was shocked by the toe's appearance. It was so eaten away that doctors in London advised it be amputated. Marley's religion forbade it: "Rasta no abide amputation," he insisted. He told the physician, "De living God, His Imperial Majesty Haile Selassie I, Ras Tafari, Conquering Lion of the Tribe of Judah… He will heal me wit' de meditations of me ganja chalice." No scalpel, he said, "will crease me flesh…. C'yant kill Rasta. Rastamon live out."

He flew to Miami and Dr. William Bacon performed a skin graft on the lesion. The disease lingered undiagnosed and spread throughout his body.

Isaac Fergusson, a friend and devotee, observed the slow death of Bob Marley firsthand. In the three years separating soccer injury from cancer diagnosis, Marley remained immersed in music, "ignoring the advice of doctors and close associates that he stop and obtain a thorough medical examination." He refused to give up recording and touring long enough to consult a doctor. Marley "would have to quit the stage and it would take years to recoup the momentum. This was his time and he seized upon it. Whenever he went into the studio to record, he did enough for two albums. Marley would drink his fish tea, eat his rice-and-peas stew, roll himself about six spliffs and go to work. With incredible energy and determination, he kept strumming his guitar, maybe 12 hours, sometimes till daybreak." Reggae artist Jimmy Cliff observed after Marley's death: "What I know now is that Bob finished all he had to do on this earth." Marley was aware by 1977 that he was dying, and set out to condense a lifetime of music into the few years remaining.

After 10+2, what?
By Radhagovind

What particular course of study should my child follow after completing his/her 10+2 is the question which reminds ambitious parents, guardians of their children’s future academic career very frequently. It is a mandatory duty of the parents to orient their children to study any course, whether it may be Medical/Engineering/others which they believe to be good and job oriented.

Indeed, one has to be very cautious and careful of one’s choices for higher studies after 10+2. The performance executed in 10+2 examination is a very crucial deciding factor for those ambitious and hardworking students. Therefore, I think, it is necessary for the guardians as well as the student to have proper counseling before joining any course of study.

Unfortunately, we do not have any counseling center in the state unlike those of the metropolitan cities of the country. But this doesn't matter as we have seniors, teachers, professors and others who can guide the student in making his or her choice. We can have any doubts regarding the course of higher study cleared from them so that we do would not get frustrated in the future.

10+2 is very important in one's life as much of the students’ future prospects depend on how well the he or she has performed in the 10+2 examination. Therefore, one should have a proper counseling before deciding to undertake any particular course.

The exam what we generally call "XIIth exam" has been successfully performed in Manipur this year under the supervision and guidance of CHOSEM amidst shooting of "weak invigilators" and exam runners (i.e. Khongban Chenba). We find large scale use of unfair means in the exam hall these days. But there shall come an end to this disastrous state of affairs after a few years as people are becoming aware of the results. It is my strong belief that there are many students who are very serious about the exam.

Another class XIIth examination, conducted by CBSE is also being held in the state at a few centers. Some few of the courses which students can study after their 10+2 are given below, particularly for those who have opted for science stream in class-XII.

A. Engineering: It is one of the courses which the students can follow after 10+2 if they are strong and have a good aptitude in the subjects Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics etc. There are many engineering colleges in India. Some of them are privately owned, some run by government. There are also engineering colleges which are of international repute namely 'IITs' situated in five major cities of the country - Guwahati, Delhi, Kharagpur (in West Bengal), Madras, Mumbai. Chances of getting a highly paid job is almost a surety for those young
brilliant graduates who pass out from these institutions with flying colors.

But getting admission in these colleges is a tough job. Only those students who are brilliant enough can get through in the admission tests of these colleges after passing the hurdles of screening test (prelim) and main (conventional) examination. It will be interesting to note that about two lacs students sit for the prelims entrance test and, only 6000 (approx) can manage through to the main entrance test.

There are also very good engineering colleges in the country besides IITs, namely RECs, and state engineering colleges. But it is our duty to check out whether the college is recognized by AICTE, New Delhi. Due to laxness in this regard, we now have many students who are frustrated as their "alma mater" are not recognized by the All India Council of Technical Education.

Today, significant process has been made in space exploration and other related fields. Our country can boast of its achievements in information technology, biotechnology, software etc. Fresh engineering graduates are in great demand in various IT firms, software and hardware industries like Infosys, Satyam, IBM, etc.

B. Medical: In order to provide the basic medical needs for the country’s large population, doctors are still in great demand in India. There are remote areas which still have no access to the basic medical facilities. So, medicine is also a very worthy career to pursue. Among the reputed medical colleges in India, mention may be made of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Delhi; Christian Medical College, Vellore; Apollo Hospital, Delhi; Armed Forces Medical College, Pune etc.

These institutions have their own admission criteria and norms, which are too varied to mention here. All concerned parents who are desirous of having their children study in these colleges will need to collect the required information from the concerned institutions at an early stage.

C. Another emerging field of study nowadays is biotechnology. Biotechnology is interdisciplinary, covering biomedical research, microbiology, physics, chemistry, mathematics and engineering. It is the application of biology and principles of genetics to produce substances useful to men. Biotechnologies are involved in the tasks of gene therapy, fertility control and development of contraceptives. Research confines a biotechnologist's work to laboratories. Department of Biotechnology, CGO Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi monitors the work going on the field of biotechnology in India.

Job opportunities after completing a course in biotechnology are tremendous. There is great demand in biotech farms, research laboratories and chemical laboratories.

At the end, parents, guardians and the students who are desirous of getting a highly paid job will need to select a course which is to their liking before jumping into the fray. Here’s hoping that all the students get to achieve their respective goals in their lives.

(The author is a career consultant, based in the Palace Compound, Imphal)

(Courtesy: The Imphal Free Press)

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Bob Marley

Post#2 » Mon Oct 03, 2005 3:16 am
The worldwide icon of reggae, Bob Marley was the first artist to bring the music and stories of Jamaica to the outside world. His music tells the tales of poverty, hardship, and spirituality that is an integral part of Jamaican culture.

Robert Nesta Marley was born to a teenage black mother and middle-aged white father in Jamaica in 1945. When Marley was 14, he and his mother left their rural home and headed for Kingston, where they settled in the slums of 'Trenchtown".

He and his friends were fascinated by the sounds they heard on American radio, as well as the music of local black vocal groups. In 1962, the 17 year old Marley auditioned for a local music entrepreneur by the name of Leslie Kong. This audition led to a studio session and, a year later, to the formation of a group known as the Teenagers, a five-part vocal ensemble which evolved into the Wailers.

When two members left the group in 1964, Marley became the lead vocalist, and quickly steered the group's next album to #1 on the Jamaican pop charts. In 1974, after a string of successes, two of the three Wailers left the group to pursue solo careers. This prompted Marley to bring in his wife's group, a vocal trio called the I-Threes, bringing the new lineup on an international tour in 1975. They sold out shows all over the world, and found their names on the top of the charts in both England and the US.

Marley's fame was considerable outside of Jamaica, but in his home country he was viewed with even greater admiration. He attained a larger-than-life persona as a poet and prophet, a heroic individual whom the nation adored and followed. In 1981, Marley succumbed to cancer at the age of 36. The fame he managed to amass in his comparatively short musical career demonstrates the extraordinary power of his music.

* The cancer that killed Bob Marley started in his right big toe. Doctors advised him to have the toe amputated, but he refused, saying "Rasta no abide amputation. I and I don't allow a mon ta be dismantled." The cancer proceeded to spread to the rest of his body and he was dead within four years.

* In 1976, gunmen broke into Marley's home and shot him and his wife, although both survived. The assasination attempt was assumed to be politically motivated, as he had recently demonstrated support for the progressive prime minister of Jamaica, Michael Manley.

* Bob Marley had a long connection to Africa and especially to Ethiopia, the country that is the spiritual homeland of Rastafari. Later in his career he picked up the cause of pan-African unity and wrote several songs on the subject for his ninth album "Survival." In January 2005, in fact, it was announced that his wife plans to have his remains exhumed and moved to Ethiopia. Rita Marley explained the decision by saying: "Bob's life is about Africa, it is not Jamaica."

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