BAALBEK - "home of the great lord"

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BAALBEK - "home of the great lord"

Post#1 » Wed Mar 14, 2007 2:11 am

Utterly fascinating when you consider that several of the stones at this location in present day Lebanon, are something like 870 tons each. That's 1,740,000 pounds for one solid block of Limestone that was precision cut and moved from a quarry over a mile away. We would need multiple cranes to even lift this thing today. Moving it would be another major accomplishment as the weight would drive the wheels right into the ground.

..... and, that's not the biggest one. Check out the Trilithon picture below.



Main Index:

Views of the Great Platform and Temple Remains


The upper picture shows a lithograph by David Roberts whose book The Holy Land appeared in 1842.

Six out of the original fifty four huge 68 feet high columns, appear in the distance in the lithograph, and beyond the Temple of Bacchus on the right in the photograph. This is all that remains of the Temple of Jupiter Heliopolitanus built to honour the Great Lord (Baal) Hadad (Jupiter) on the vast platform, the history of which goes back into Caananite antiquity.

The platform contructed of precision cut stones, three of which weigh in the region of 870 tons, measuring 270 feet by 180 feet by 30 feet high, was said to have been built by Cain to hide from the wrath of God.

From the Larouse Encyclopedia of Archaeology


Doorway to the Shrine - Temple of Bacchus - Baalbek, Lebanon


Even in the state of utter ruin into which this temple has fallen, such a picture as this calls up at once a mental vision of the architectural splendours which made the shrine of Bacchus at Baalbek one of the most beautiful of its kind in the world. Vine leaves, as befits the god to whom the temple was dedicated, are a noticeable motif in the carving, which is rich and luxuriant, but never oversteps the line into the florid and over-decorated.

From Wonders of the Past


The Baalbek Platform - Temple of Bacchus


North of Palestine the high fertile plain of the Bekaa valley spreads out between the Lebanon and Anti-lebanon mountains. These parallel ranges of mountains form the sides of the rift valley geological structure, which runs all the way from southern Africa, as far as Turkey, two hundred miles to the north.

From the Mediterranean, the land rises by degrees to the snow clad mountains seen in the background of this picture. The highest parts of the mountains reach 10,000 feet, and the slopes were once covered with the mighty Lebanon cedar trees.

The name Baalbek translates as valley of the great lord, an expression of great significance in the interpretation of the past. The town stands on a key spring head site at the high point of the watershed at a level of 3,450 feet. The river Orontes flows north through Kadesh and Homs to the plain of Antioch, and the Litani flows southwards and then westwards to join the Mediterranen near Tyre.

It was from Tyre, Sidon and in particular Byblos on the coast, reputed to be amongst the world's oldest cities and ports, that cedar timber was shipped to Egypt before 3,000 BC. This was the area praised by the prophets of the Old Testament for its beauty in their poetic imagery. This was the area of the sacred cedar forest and the sacred cedar groves.

To the Romans this large valley and plain was known as their granary. The suitability for agriculture and the numerous mounds, remains and relics in the area, bear witness that the valley must have been heavily populated in the most ancient times.

In the Sumerian texts we find that it was decreed that Baal Hadad should govern the highlands in which Ba'albek would later stand. Constantine is reputed to have still regarded Baal Hadad as the supreme being, when he adopted Christianity for the Roman Empire.

Up to that time, c. AD 300, people had come for at least 2,000 years on pilgramage from Africa, Asia and Europe to pay their respects to the Gods at the temples on the Baalbek platform, of which the Temple of Bacchus shown here, is but a small chapel incomparison to the main structures erected on the platform.

Alexander the Great conquered Baalbek c. 348 BC and re-named it Heliopolis (City of theSun). The Temple of Baal Hadad at both Baalbek and Damascus became known as the Temple of Jupiter Heliopolitanus. Jupiter being the Roman name for Hadad.

Golden Age Project Comments

From Yahweh's Land - Photographs and Text by Alfons Senfter


The Baalbek Platform and Temples - Lebanon


Looking west across the Baalbek platform and the Bekaa valley to the snow capped Lebanon mountains.

From the Larouse Encyclopedia of Antiquity


Baalbek Platform - Lebanon


From Wonders of the Past


Trilithon at Baalbeck Lebanon


The massive foundation platform of Baal Hadad is like no other structure in the world. It is over 90 metres long and nearly 60 metres wide and stands some 10 metres proud of the underlying rock.

The Trilithon is composed of three stones each measuring 19 metres long x 4.2 metres wide x 3.6 metres broad. Hewn from natural crystalline limestone with a specific gravity of about 2.7, from a quarry 1 km mile away, they weigh 870 tons each.

They have been raised to a height of 10 metres and have been so accurately cut and placed that a razor's edge cannot be placed between them.

They have been laid upon a layer of 19 similar blocks weighing between 350 and 400 tons each.

A stone named the Stone of the South remains in the quarry measuring 21.3 x 4.9 x 4.3 metres and weighing 1,250 tons.

Local mythology says that the platform was built by Cain to hide from the wrath of God. It is also added that Cain met his death when his light chariot crashed into the side of Mount Hermon and he was buried there.

Golden Age Project Comments

Picture from the Wonders of the Past


From the book, "The Shining Ones" - 1997


An Akkadian tablet from some four thousand years ago states:

All we great Anunaki [Anannage]
Decided together on a rule
Anu and Addad would rule the Highlands
I [Enlil] would rule the Lowlands

In this stanza, the Highlands and the Lowlands are relative terms. We know that Enlil, the Lord of Cultivation, ruled in Kharsag so that, here, the Lowlands refer to that irrigated plain as distinct from the surrounding mountains. The Highlands, therefore, were the higher parts of the Lebanon area. In these parts, today, there exist the magnificent ruins of Ba’albek to remind us of the almost incredible achievements of gods and men in times so remote that the mind has difficulty in comprehending the span of it.

These ruins comprise an architectural complex the description of which includes such superlatives as having columns among the tallest ever constructed on earth; the largest stone blocks ever used for any purpose; and the boldest architectural engineering feat ever carried out in the ancient world.


Ba’albek Platform





Ba’albek Platform

Difference in weathering between the stones of the Roman construction and the the earlier Caananite platform, which both used the same crystalline limestone from quarries within one mile of the site.



Ba’albek = Valley of the Great Lord



Reconstruction of the Temple of Jupiter Heliopolitanus at Baalbek


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