THE EARLY POST-FLOOD HISTORY OF EUROPE by Bill Cooper

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4. SURVIVING MSS OF THE EARLY WELSH CHRONICLES

Post#16 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:25 am

4. SURVIVING MSS OF THE EARLY WELSH CHRONICLES
(based on Griscom's list, pp. 586-599. See Bibliography)

The National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth

1. Dingestow Court Manuscript - early 13th cent.

2. Peniarth MS. 44 = Hen. 315 (prey. 21) - early 13th cent.

3. Peniarth MS. 45 = Hen. 536 (prey. 29) - late 13th cent.

4. Peniarth MS. 46 = Hen. 27 - early 14th cent.

5. Peniarth MS. 21 Hen. 50 (prey. 16) - early 14th cent.

6. Peniarth MS. 19 = Hen. 15 - c. 1400.

7. Peniarth MS. 22 = Hen. 318 - 1444.

8. Pemarth MS. 24 = Hen. 175 - 1477.

9. Peniarth MS. 23 = Hen. 313 - mid. 15th cent.

10. Peniarth MS. 25 = Hen. 305 - c. 1500.

11. Peniarth MS. 212 Hen. 319 - c. 1565.

12. Peniarth MS. 168 Hen. 437 - 1589-90.

13. Peniarth MS. 118 = Hen. 518 - late 16th cent.

14. Peniarth MS. 261 = Hen. 446 - 16th cent.

15. Peniarth MS. 260 = Hen. 442 - 16th cent.

16. Peniarth MS. 162 = Hen. 354 - late 16th cent.

17. Peniarth MS. 266 = Hen. 55 (prey. 3) - 1634.

18. Peniarth MS. 314 = Hen. 293 (prey. 87 and 21) - 1634-1641.

19. Peniarth MS. 264 = Hen. 272 (prey. 2, 55 and LX) -1635 - 6.

20. Peniarth MS. 265 = Hen. 439 (prey. i, 72 and LIV) -1641.

21. Peniarth MS. 270 = Hen. 530 -

22. Llanstephan MS. 1 = Shirburn Castle MS. 113 C. 18 -early 13th cent.

23. Llanstephan MS. S = Shirburn Castle MS. 34 - early 14th cent.

24. Llanstephan MS. 188 - mid. 16th cent.

25. Llanstephan MS. 195 - c. 1570.

26. Llanstephan MS. 59 = Shirburn Castle C. 7 - late 16th cent.

27. LianstePhan MS. 129 = Shirburu Castle D. 17 - early 17th cent.

28. Llanstephan MS. 137 = Shirburn Castle D. 12 - c. 1640.

29. Llanstephan MS. 149 = Shirburn Castle D. 15. - c. 1700

30. Mostyn MS. 117 - late 13th cent.

31. Mostyn MS. 116 - early 14th cent.

32. Mostyn MS. 109 - 16th cent.

33. Mostyn MS. 159 - 1586-7.

34. Mostyn MS. 115 - 17th cent.

35. Mostyn MS. 211 - c. 1685.

36. Panton MS. 9 - c. 1760.

37. Panton MS. 68 - 18th cent.

38. The Book of Basingwerk MS. (alias The Black Book of Basingwerk Abbey) - 14th and 15th cents.

39. Additional MS. 13 - B = Williams MS. 216 - early 17th cent.

40. Additional MS. 11 - D Williams MS. 213 - 1694.

41. Additional MS. 312 Williams MS. 514 - early 18th cent.

42. Additional MS. 23 - B Williams MS. 227 - c. 1775.

Free Public Library, Cardiff, Wales

43. Cardiff (Havod) MS. 1 - early 14th cent.

44. Cardiff (Havod) MS. 2 - 15th cent 'or earlier'.

45. Cardiff (Havod) MS. 21 - 1641.

46. Cardiff MS. 21 = Phillipps 13720, part III - 1569.

47. Cardiff MS. 61 = (Tonn 21) - 1734.

48. Cardiff MS. 62 = (Tonn 22) - 1754.

Jesus College Library, Oxford

49. MS. CXI = 1, Hist. MSS. Coin., Report of MSS in the Welsh Lang - c. 1380.

50. MS. CXLI = 6, Hist. MSS. Corn., Report of MSS in the Welsh Lang - c. 1471.

51. MS. LXI = 8, Hist. MSS. Coin., Report of MSS in the Welsh Lang (aka the Tysilio Chronicle) - late 15th cent.

52. MS. XXVIII = 19 Hist. MSS. Coin. - 1695.

British Museum, London

53. Additional MS. 19,709 = MS. 14, Hist. MSS. Corn. -early 14th cent.

54. Cotton, Cleopatra B. V., = MS. 15, Hist. MSS. Corn. -14th cent.

55. Additional MS. 14,903 = MS. 17, Hist. MSS. Corn. - early 16th cent.

56. Additional MS. 15,566 = MS. 16, Hist. MSS. Corn. - late 16th cent.

57. Additional MS. 14,872 = MS. 41, Hist. MSS. Corn. - post 1632.

58. Additional MS. 15,003 - 18th cent.

The above list of chronicles that give the history of the early Britons, constitutes a rather large percentage of the total number of Welsh manuscripts that have come down to us from medieval times. Given that they are all catalogued in easily accessible collections, it is astonishing that even their very existence goes unmentioned by most scholars who are aware of them, and that British history prior to 55 BC remains a blank page. But perhaps their acknowledgement would lead the recorded history of the early Britons uncomfortably back to Genesis, and that is a concept that modernism simply could not accommodate.

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5. THE LATIN TEXT (AND TRANSLATION) OF NENNIUN 17 AND 18

Post#17 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:29 am

5. THE LATIN TEXT (AND TRANSLATION) OF NENNIUN 17 AND 18

Cap. XVII

Aliud experimenttini inueni de isto Bruto ex ueteribus libris ueterum nostrorum.

Tres fiji Noe diuiserunt orbem in tres partes post Diluuium. Sem in Asia; Chain in Africa; lafeth in Europa dilitauerunt terminos suos. Primus homo uenit ad Europam de genere lafeth Alanus cum tribus fihis suis quorum nomina sunt Hessitio, Armeno, Negue. Hessitio autem habuit fihios quat-tuor hi sunt Francus, Romanus, Britto, Albanus. Armenon autem habuit quinque fibs, Gothus, Valagothus, Gebidus, Burgundus. Negue autem habuit tres fihios, Wandalus, Saxo, Boguarus. Ab Hisitione autem ortae sunt quattuor gentes, Franci, Latini, Albani, et Britti. Ab Armenone autem qumque, Gothi, Walagothi, Gebidi, Burgundi, Langobardi. A Neguio uero quattuor, Boguarii, Vandali, Saxones, et Turingi. Lstae autem gentes subdiuisae sunt per totam Europam. Alanus autem ut aiunt fihius fuit Fetebir, flu Ougomun, fihi Thoi, flu Boib, flu Simeon, fiji Mair, flu Ethach, flu Aurthach, filii Ecthet, flu 0th, fiji Abir, flu Rea, filii Ezra, fihi Izrau, fbi Baath, flu Iobaath, flu lovan, flu lafeth, flu Noe, flu Lamech, flu Matusalem, flu Enoch, flu lareth, fin Malaleel, fihi Cainan, flu Enos, fiji Seth, flu Adam, fiji Dei vivi. Hanc peritiam inueni ex traditione ueterum.

Cap. XVIII

Qui incolae in primo fuerunt Bnttanniae. Brittones a Bruto. Brutus filius Hisitionis, Hisition Alanei. Alaneus filius Reae Silviac, Rea Silvia filia Numae Pampiii, flu Ascanu, Ascanius filius Aeneae, flu Anchisae, fili Troi, fili Dardani, flu Else, fili Iuuani, flu Jafeth. lafeth uero habuit septern fibs. Primus Corner, a quo Galli; secundus Magog, a quo Scythas et Gothos; tertius Madai, a quo Medos; quartus Iuuan, a quo Graeci; quintus Tubal, a quo Hiberei et Hispani et Ital; sextus Mosoch, a quo Cappadoces; septimus Tiras, a quo Traces. Hi sunt flu lafeth, fihi Noe, fbi Lamech.

Translation

Chapter Seventeen

I found another explanation concerning this Brutus in the ancient books of our elders:

After the Flood, the three sons of Noah divided the earth into three parts. Shem (settled) in Asia; Ham in Africa, (and) Japheth expanded his borders in Europe. Alanus, of the line of Japheth, (was) the first man who came to Europe with his three sons, whose names were Hessitio, Armenon and Negue. Now, Hessitio had four sons, Francus, Romanus, Britto (and) Albanus. Then Armenon had five sons, Gothus, Walagothus, Gepidus, Burgundus [note: the name Langobardus should have been given here]. (And) Negue had three sons, Wandalus, Saxo (and) Boguarus. Four nations, then, are arisen from Hessitio: the Franks, the Latins, the Albans and the Britons. Then, from Armenon (come) five (nations): the Goths, the Valagoths, the Gepids, the Burgundians (and) the Lombards. (And) from Negue (come) four (nations): the Bavarians, the Vandals, the Saxons and the Thuringians. (And) these nations are subdivided throughout all Europe. Alanus, it is said, was the son of Fetebir, (who was) the son of Ougomun, (who was) the son of Thous, (who was) the son of Boib, the son of Simeon, (who was) the son of Mair, the son of Ethach, (who was) the son of Aurthach, the son of Ecthet, (who was) the son of Oth, the son of Abir, (who was) the son of Rea, the son of Ezra, (who was) the son of Izrau, the son of Baath, (who was) the son of Iobaath, the son of Javan, (who was) the son of Japheth, the son of Noah, (who was) the son of Lamech, the son of Methuselah, (who was) the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, (who was) the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, (who was) the son of Enos, the son of Seth, (who was) the son of Adam, the child of the living God. I found this teaching in the tradition of the elders.

Chapter Eighteen

The first inhabitants of Britain were the Britons (so named) from Brutus. Brutus was the son of Hessitio. Hessitio (was the son of) Alanus. Alanus (was) the son of Rhea Silvia, (who was) the daughter of Numa Pompilius, the son of Ascanius. Ascanius (was) the son of Aeneas, the son of Anchises, (who was) the son of Trous, the son of Dardanus, (who was) the son of Elishah, the son of Javan, (who was) the son of Japheth. Japheth, in fact, had seven sons, the first (being) Gomer, from whom (came) the Gauls. The second was Magog, from whom (came) the Scythians and the Goths. The third (son was) Madai, from whom (came) the Medes. The fourth (son was) Javan, from whom (came) the (Ionian) Greeks. (And) the fifth was Tubal, from whom (came) the Iberians, the Spanish and the Italians. The sixth (was) Meshech, from whom (came) the Cappadocians. (And) the seventh (son was) Tiras, from whom (came) the Thracians. These are the sons of Japheth, the son of Noah, (who was) the son of Lamech. (My translation)

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6. THE MOLMUTINE LAWS AND PAGAN BRITAIN

Post#18 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:30 am

6. THE MOLMUTINE LAWS AND PAGAN BRITAIN

Introduction

The following is an account of the law and society as they stood in ancient Britain during the centuries preceding the Roman invasion of 55 BC. It is based upon the surviving laws of king Dyfnal Moel Myd (Dunvallo Molmutius), who reigned in the 5th-4th centuries BC. The account, from pp. 20-24 of Flinders Petrie's paper, (1) bears repeated reading, for it reveals a level of culture and literacy amongst the early Britons that is quite unlike the popular image that has been cultivated in recent years by the modernist treatment of British history. It also speaks volumes for the existence of a king whom modernists have always said was a mythical figure, and it reveals our ancestors to have been a highly cultivated and civilised people, and not the illiterate painted savages of popular fame.
The Molmutine Laws and Pagan Britain

by Flinders Petrie

The condition of pagan Britain is remarkably preserved in the laws of Dyvnal Moelmud. That these laws are certainly long before the tenth century is proved by the gulf that exists between the state of society shown by them and that of the laws of Howel fixed to AD 914. The laws of Howel show a highly complex and detailed condition of law, and an elaborate royal court, with the rights of officials minutely fixed. In the laws of Moelmud there is very simple law, always subject to proved custom and to adaptation to circumstance; there is no royal court, and very few officials, with no defined claims. Moreover, the laws of Howel refer back to Moelmud. What takes the laws of Moelmud at least to Roman times is that they are purely Pagan, and the only Christian allusion is an addition to the forms of legal oath, saying that 'In subsequent times the form of oath was given by the Ten Commandments, the Gospel of St. John, and the blessed Cross' (no. 219). This stamps the previous oaths and the rest of the laws as of the pagan period, and therefore at least of the third century, as British bishops attended the Council of Aries in AD 314. How much farther back these laws may date, towards the traditional time of Moelmud, the fourth or seventh century BC, we cannot now enquire. Probably they were of gradual accretion, but apparently no part comes under the influence of Christian usage. We can, then, at least accept the picture of society here shown as being that of the Britons under the earlier part of the Roman dominion. Of the two series of legal triads, the short first series, 1-34, is here marked A; (2) the long series is simply numbered L-248. (3) Skene agrees to the laws of Howel being of the tenth century, but never mentions those of Moelmud. Stephens asserts that the laws of Moelmud were certainly not composed earlier than the sixteenth century. What writer of that date would forge a consistent body of punitive tribal law, entirely pagan in character, and why any one should do so when the laws of Howel were celebrated and prized, are questions ignored by the easy assertion of a late date for which no reason is given.

First we may note the laws referring to the state of society. Wherever little children, dogs, and poultry are found, the place has a right to the privilege of the court and the sacred place (87). The fields were private property, but cultivated in common tillage (A 5). The wild land was tribal property, free for wood-cutting, hunting, and gathering acorns to feed pigs (142); but it could not be taken into cultivation without consent of the lord and his court (101). Iron mines were common property; but the ore dug out was private (49). A permit was needed to shift the family wagon or booth; if done without permission, the mover lost all rights, like a criminal or foreigner (A 33). The only general movement allowed was that of the public shepherd of the township, or the chase of wild beasts by the public horn, or of bards spreading knowledge. But bankrupt men who had no kin or land were free to travel (A 28). Thus the organized society was held together.

The idea of the bonds of society was very strong. The mutual bonds of a social state are equal protection, tillage, arid law (45). The duties of public help, which every person must render, are in invasion, the public cry of base deeds or murder, and fire (A 15). Society is disorganized by oppressive privilege, unjust decision in law, and negligence allowing regulations to be destroyed (31). The tribal bond is broken up by famine, earthquake, flood, or conquest, and the tribe must begin to form a new social state (A 32).

In more personal matters no arms might be shown in a convention of the country and lord, or convention of independence, or convention of the bards (58). The things indispensable to a free man were his tunic, harp and kettle. The indispensables of a vassal were his hearthstone, bill-hook and trough (239, 240). The property of which a man might not be deprived were his wife, children, clothes, arms, and implements of the privileged arts (53). The three ornaments of a tribe were a book, a harp, and a sword, and they could not be distrained by law (54). The hereditary owner of land could always reclaim it after sale by offering the value (93). This proves that strictly private ownership co-existed with tillage in common.

Government was not despotic, and the chief or king was hardly more than a spokesman. The chief was the oldest efficient man in the tribe (88, 165). The meeting of a country could be called by public proclamation, not only by the king or lord of the district, or the chief of a tribe, but also by a family representative (171). There were three privileged conventions--first, that of the bards for sound instruction on virtue, wisdom, and hospitality, to record events, actions, and pedigrees, and proclaim laws; second, that of the country and lord for court of law; third, for independence, to establish harmony by mutual reason and agreement of country and country, prince and prince, vote and vote (59, 61). The reasons for taking the vote of the country were to enact or repeal a law, to give judgement when the law is insufficient, and by the privilege of the country to guard against illegal measures by opposing the offenders (161). The consent of the country was needed to abrogate the king's law, to dethrone the sovereign, and to teach new sciences and new regulations in the convention of the bards (63). The native rights of all freeborn men and women were the gift and free use of five acres of land (eight English acres), the carrying of arms, and a vote to a man at puberty, and to a woman when she marries (65). A woman also had the privilege that if she had a son by a foreigner against her consent, as when in the power of foreigners in any way, by tribal order or accident, her son inherited as a free man, although a foreigner could not inherit privileges of free men for nine generations (116). Each generation of bondmen or foreigners that married a freeborn woman gained one degree of the nine necessary for freedom.

Law was but custom enforced. 'There are three pillars of the law: custom before record and tradition; the king through legal authority; and the decision of the country by vote where there has been neither custom nor law' (155). Three kinds of custom are to be maintained: first, the custom that sets the law aside; second, custom that excels law, but limited to local use; third, custom which excels law in the special circumstances, to be confirmed by the verdict of the country (28). Three things might supersede law: acts of the king to enforce truth or justice; privilege, which nothing can remove; and a contract with witnesses. The judge was to use his discretion widely; he must know the law, know the customs so that law may not injure them, and know the tendencies of his times and their consequences, leaving a wide opening for judge-made law (12).

The court consisted essentially of the king, or lord, to listen and declare what the sense of the law and its application is, the judge to hear the evidence and decide on what is proved of the facts, the clerk to write the pleadings (204, 210) and to destroy the record after the cause is finished (130). This entirely prevented a growth of law by precedents as in England.

Learning was greatly respected. Privilege of support was given to rank, to bards or teachers, and to orphans (A 12). The free man must support a wife, also a fighting man if he does not fight himself, and a family tutor (81). The family teacher was exempt from all manual work, bearing arms, or cultivation, like infants and the aged (55). The privileged arts, that give complete liberty, are bardism, metallurgy, and learning or literature. Those who profess these have an extra five acres of land besides their five acres as free men (68, 71). The smith, mason, and carpenter all had equal rights (73). No bondman was to learn the arts of freemen; if he did so he was free (69), but his sons reverted to bondage (70). Hereditary learning therefore kept the family free, before the nine generations of bondage were over.

The most remarkable part of the law was the respect to foreigners. A foreigner under the protection of the tribe must be assisted in travel (A 8). He was as a trader not to be oppressed or injured though speaking a barbarous tongue (78). The foreigner practising arts obtained the status of freeman in the third generation (70). He was to be allowed an advocate in law courts (209), protection and support from the taxes (209), and to be excused in case of capital crime, as ignorant (23). In case he was shipwrecked on the coast he had free maintenance (198, 199).

These laws give a remarkable view of a community with the greatest respect for weakness and misfortune, high rights for women, full consideration for foreigners, and great privilege for learning, for the arts, and the crafts. Social duty was strongly held, and the full power rested on the vote of every free man and woman, even to deposing the king. Arms were prohibited civil assembly, and the harp was as necessary to a free man his coat and his cooking-pot. The whole air is that of simple conditions and a free life, with much personal cultivation and sympathy in general conduct. It would be impossible to produce such a code from a savage or violent people, and this intimate view of their life is the best ground for judging of their qualities. That there was generally a well-organized peace kept in the country is shown by Caesar's statement that 'the number of the people is countless, and their buildings exceedingly numerous.'

Notes

1. Flinders Petrie, W.M. Neglected British History. Proc. Brit. Academy. 1917. Vol. VIII. pp. 1-28.

2. Probert, W. (trans). The Ancient Laws of Cambria. 1823. pp. 8-14.

3. ibid.pp. 15-87.

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7. THE GENEALOGY OF THE EARLY BRITISH KINGS

Post#19 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:33 am

7. THE GENEALOGY OF THE EARLY BRITISH KINGS

The following genealogy shows the descent of the early British kings as it was traced down from Japheth, the son of Noah. The sources for this are Nennius 17 and 18 (see Appendix 5), covering from Japheth to Brutus; and Geoffrey of Monmouth who carries the story on from Anchises. To gain an idea of the time-scale involved, I have included the dates of each king's first year of reign as far as that can be calculated from internal and external sources. The Welsh chronicle agrees with Geoffrey of Monmouth almost exactly, although the names are obviously closer in the Welsh to the original early British forms than they are in Geoffrey. For ease, I have used here Geoffrey's latinised forms.


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8. THE DESCENT OF THE EAST SAXON KINGS

Post#20 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:34 am

8. THE DESCENT OF THE EAST SAXON KINGS

The genealogy of the East Saxon kings (from whom the English county of Essex derives its name) was discovered comparatively recently. It was being used as part of the binding of an old book. However, it was happily retrieved and published by Sweet in The Earliest English Texts. (Oxford Univ. Press. 1885. p. 179). In the original document the genealogy is set out as follows, the letters appearing here in parentheses belonging to those small portions of the document that had been cut away when binding the book:

de regibus orientalium seaxonum

Offa sighering, sighere sigberhting, sigberht s(aweard)ing, saweard saberhting, saberbt sledding, sle(dd) aescwining, aescwine offing, offa bedcing, bedca sigefugling, sigefugi swaepping, swaeppa antsecging, ants(ecg) gesecging, gesecg seaxileting.

item de regibus orientalium seaxonum

Swithred sigemunding, sigemund sigeharding, si(gehard) sebbing, sebbe seaxreding, seaxred sab(erhti)ng, saberht sledding.

item de regibus orientalium seoxo(num)

Sigered sigericing, sigeric selereding, selered sigeberhting, sigeberht sigeb(aldi)ng, sigebald selerferthing, selerferth sigeferthing, seaxing, seaxa sledding.

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...all of which translates, in today's genealogical terms, into the above table of descent. The point most worthy of consideration here, however, is the method used by the early Saxons for safeguarding against omissions and accidental repeats (or 'scribal doublets' as they are known), the very things, in fact, that modernist scholars assure us render these lists untrustworthy. Although the system was not one hundred per cent foolproof (what system is?), it was nevertheless so simple, it was ingenious. As an exercise, try copying out the list as it is laid out in the original. While spelling mistakes may well occur, you will see that it is virtually impossible to omit a name or accidentally repeat it, for each name is written twice, once with the suffix - ing(which simply means son of), and once without it.

Indeed, not only the written record was secured against error by this method of recording, but oral transmission was made that much easier and more dependable by the poetic rhythm that was set up by reciting the names thus.

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9. THE HISTORICAL CHARACTERS OF BEOWULF

Post#21 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:37 am

9. THE HISTORICAL CHARACTERS OF BEOWULF

Introduction

Virtually every edition of the Beowulf epic (and virtually every commentary on the poem), will take pains to assure the reader that what he is reading is not a historically accurate account of events or personages. Beowulf is described as a moral tale composed several centuries after the times of which it treats, a good yarn, and so on and so forth. What it does not do is embody real history. However, the best test for historicity that can be applied to any document from the past, be it chronicle, epic poem or prose narrative, is the test of its genealogies and personal names. Are the men and women mentioned in the work characters who are known to us from other contemporary sources? Can the genealogies be verified? If they can, then we are dealing with an account that we can rely on as history. If their information is demonstrably wrong or fictitious, and if it is seen to contradict other accepted historical sources, then clearly the rest of the matter can be dismissed as mere fiction. Thus, and in the light of the persistent modernist assertion that Beowulf is merely fiction, we shall examine the complex genealogies that are embodied within the poem in the sure knowledge that no compiler of fairy-stories ever went to such enormous lengths to add such circumstantial verisimilitude to his tale as we find in the Beowulf. The following evidence will speak for itself.

I have relied on Klaeber (3rd ed. see bibliography) for much of the information contained in the notes, and for the dates which, as he points out, are estimated as closely as the poem and its external corroborative sources will allow. The pivotal date on which most of the others depend, is AD 521, the year in which King Hygelac was slain by the Franks as depicted in Gregory of Tour's Historiae Francorum. However, having verified Beowulf's extraordinary historical accuracy on almost all points of the narrative, even those minor insignificant and insubstantial points that only an authentic historical narrative can yield, Klaeber still denies the essential and historical authenticity of the narrative. It is a peculiar position in which many a modernist scholar has found himself.

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Notes on the Descent of the Geatish Royal House

1. Swerting:This is Hrethel's father-in-law's surname, not his forename. Swerting would have flourished from c. AD 425 onwards. He was defeated by Frotho, whom we met earlier killing a dragon (see chapter 11). Swerting planned to put Frotho to death, but in the ensuing battle both men slew each other. Swerting's daughter, unnamed, married Hrethel.

2. Hrethel:AD 445-503. Having reigned over the Geats of southern Sweden, Hrethel died of grief a year after his eldest son's tragic death (see 5 and 6).

3. ?: Unknown.

4. Waymunding:This is the surname of Beowulf's grandfather. He would have lived during the latter half of the 5th century.

5. Herebeald:AD 470-502. He was killed by his younger brother Haethcyn in a hunting accident.

6. Haethcyn: AD 472-510. Haethcyn came to the throne in AD 503. From that time war broke out between the Geats and the neighbouring Swedes culminating in the famous Battle of Ravenswood (Hrefnawudu) in the year AD 510. Just before this battle, Haethcyn was killed by Ongentheow (see next table (1)) after having captured the Swedish queen.

7. Daughter: Unknown.

8. Ecgtheow: Beowulf's father, otherwise unknown.

9. Weoxstan: Paternal uncle to Beowulf, he surprisingly helped Onela gain the throne of Sweden (see next table (4)). He and his son, Wiglaf (11), are henceforth known as Scylfingas, or Swedes, to denote their treacherously aiding the Swedish king.

10. BEOWULF: AD 495-583. The subject of the epic that bears his name.

11. Wiglaf:Beowulf's cousin. Otherwise unknown from external sources, Beowulf adopted him as his heir. (See also Weoxstan 9.)

12. Haereth: Father of Queen Hygd.

13. Wonred: Father of Eofor and Wulf.

14. ?: Unknown.

15. Hygelac: AD 475-521. The pivotal date, AD 521, and from which all other dates are here calculated, is provided by Gregory of Tour's Historiae Francorum, where he mentions Hygelac's raid on the Franks. During this raid, Hygelac was slain by Theodebert, the son of Theoderic, the Merovingian king of the Franks.

16. Hygd:Hygelac's queen.

17. Hereric:Queen Hygd's brother, he was uncle to prince Heardred.

18. Wulf:Eofor's elder brother.

19. Eofor:In the year AD 510, Eofor slew Ongentheow, king of the Swedes (see next table (1)).

20. Daughter: Unknown.

21. Heardred: AD 511-533. In AD 532, diplomatic relations between the Geats and the Swedes were ruptured by Heardred's granting asylum to Onela of Sweden's rebellious nephews. Heardred was killed the following year by Onela's forces.

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NOTES ON THE DESCENT OF THE SWEDISH AND DANISH ROYAL HOUSES

1. Ongentheow: AD 450-510. King of Sweden, he has been identified as the Angeltheow of the early (pre-migration) Mercian genealogies (see table to chapter 7). In other early Nordic sources his name is also given as Angantyr and Egill. His queen was taken captive by Haethcyn and Hygelac (see previous table (6) and (14)), and he was killed in the ensuing battle of Ravenswood by Eofor and Wulf (see previous table (18) and (19)).

2. Healfdene: AD 445-498. Otherwise known as Halfdan, he is celebrated in other sources as the father of Hrothgar (Hrøarr) and Halga (Helgi). According to the Skjoldungasaga, his mother was the daughter of Jomundus, king of Sweden. His seat of power, which Beowulf tells us was called Heorot, is today marked by the village of Lejre on the Danish island of Zealand.

3. Okthere:AD 478-532. His name is rendered Ottar in early West Nordic sources. The burial mound containing his ashes is still known as Ottarshogen.

4. Onela: AD 480-535. Otherwise Ali in old West Nordic sources, namely the Skåldskaparmal; the Ynglingasaga; the Ynglingatal; and the Skjoldungasaga.

5. Ursula: Orig. Yrsa. In the Hrolfssagaand Skjoldungasaga,she is depicted as Healfdene's eldest child, not his youngest as given in the Beowulf

6. Heorogar: AD 470-500. According to the Beowulf epic, he died within two years of inheriting his father's crown at 28 years of age. His is one of only two names of the Danish royal house that are not attested in other records (see also 16).

7. Hrothgar: AD 473-525. Otherwise Hroarr; he was king Denmark.

8. Wealhtheow: She was a descendant of the Helmingas, was renowned for her tactful and diplomatic ways. Intriguingly, her name means Celtic Servant.

9. Halga: AD 475-503. He is known as Helgi in other Scandinavian sources and as Halgi Hundingsbani in the Eddic poems.

10. Heoroweard: Born AD 490. Heoroweard did not inherit the crown on his father Heorogar's death. This may have been due to his minority, (he was 10 when his father died), although other young lads have taken the crown at even earlier ages. Lines 2155 ff of Beowulf may hold the clue to this. His father refused to pass on to him the royal standard, helmet, sword and breastplate, an extraordinary act that normally denotes that the son has lost his father's respect. How he lost it we are left to imagine.

11. Hrothulf:AD 495 - 545. Renowned in other Scandina-vian records as the son of Halga, he was, according to the Skjoldungasaga(cap. XII) and the Ynglingasaga(cap. XXIX), orphaned as a boy of 8. But he was adopted by Hrothgar and his queen at the Danish royal court. He was counted as one of the suhtergefaederan(close relatives of the king) and he occupied the seat of honour next to Hrothgar. However, he later attempted (AD 525) to usurp the throne from his cousins Hrethric and Hrothmund (see 15 and 16).

12. Eanmund: AD 503-533. He was known as Eymundr in the Hyndluljoth(cap. XV) and as Aun in the Ynglingasaga. Saxo latinised his name as Homothus. He was slain by Weoxstan (see previous table (9)).

13. Eadgils: Born AD 510. He became king in AD 535, and was known as Athils in other Nordic sources.

14. Froda: King of the Heathobard's (a Danish people), his lineage (not given in the Beowulf) is of great interest to us. We have already seen how the pre-Christian Saxons, Irish and early Britons all traced their royal descents through various lines from Japheth. Froda's line is likewise given as beginning with Japhet (see chapter 8).

15. Hrethric: Born AD 499. Known in other records (the Bjarkamaland Saxo [ii]) as Hroerekr and Roricus respectively, he was slain by Hrothulf (see 11) in AD 525.

16. Hrothmund: Born AD 500. His is one of only two names m this genealogy that cannot be verified from other surviving sources (see also 6).

17. Freawaru: Born AD 501. She married Ingeld of Sweden in AD 518.

18. Ingeld: Identical with Ingjaldr illrathi of Ynglingasagafame, his prowess was sung for ages in the halls of Scandinavia. Indeed, his fame is referred to in a somewhat indignant letter written in AD 797 by Alcuin to bishop Speratus of Lindisfarne: 'Quid enim Hinieldus cum Christo?' - What has Ingeld to do with Christ? This was written in rebuke of the monks of Lindisfarne who loved to hear the old pagan sagas retold in cloisters. Yet it is to such monks that we owe the often clandestine preservation of works like the Beowulf and the old pagan genealogies, which have in turn yielded such vital information concerning our pre-Christian forebears' unexpected knowledge of the Genesis patriarchs. Ingeld himself married Hrothgar's daughter, Freawaru, in the year AD 518. In the Langfethgatal(roll of ancestors) he is listed as Ingialdr Starkadar fostri.
COMMENT

It is very obvious indeed from the above information that in Beowulf we are not dealing with a Christian-inspired fiction in spite of everything that has been said about the poem by the modernist school of thought. All the characters in the epic have their places set very firmly indeed within the pagan pre-Christian framework of the recorded histories of Denmark and Sweden, and we note an astonishing accuracy throughout the Beowulf epic whenever it deals with these characters and their often very complex relationships with one another. That is not the kind of thing that arises by chance or fiction. But further to this, and crucial to our study, are the graphic zoological depictions that appear in the poem of the creatures that these historical characters had to deal with. These depictions are listed in the following Appendix.

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10. ZOOLOGICALLY APPLIED TERMS IN THE BEOWULFEPIC

Post#22 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:38 am

10. ZOOLOGICALLY APPLIED TERMS IN THE BEOWULFEPIC

Saxon term Literal Meaning Line Creature denoted
1. aelwiht alien monster 1500 Grendel (female)
2. atol aglaeca the terrifying ugly one 732 Grendel (male)
3. andsaca adversary 1682 Grendel (male)
4. angenga solitary walker 449 Grendel (male)
5. atol terrible 165 Grendel (male)
6. atelic horrible 784 Grendel (male)
7. attorsceatha venomous foe 2839 Flying reptile
8. brimwylf she-wolf of the lake 1506 Grendel (female)
9. cwealm cuma death visitor 792 Grendel (male)
10. daedfruma evildoer 2090 Grendel (male)
11. deathscua death shadow 160 Grendel (male)
12. deofi devil 2088 Grendel (male)
13. draca dragon 2290 Flying reptile
14. eacen craeftig exceedingly powerftil 3051 Flying reptile
15. ealdorgewinna life enemy 2903 Flying reptile
16. ellengaest powerful demon 86 Grendel (male)
17. ellorgaest alien spirit 807 Grendel (male)
18. ent giant 2717 Flying reptile
19. feond fiend, enemy 101 Grendel (male)
20. feondscatha dire foe 554 Grendel (male)
21. feorhbealu life destruction 2077 Grendel (male)
22. ferhthgenithla deadly foe 2881 Flying reptile
23. fifelcyn race of monsters 104 Grendel (species)
24. gastbona soul slayer 177 Grendel (male)
25. geoscafigast demon sent by fate 1266 Grendel (male)
26. gesaca adversary 1773 Grendel (male)
27. graedig greedy, ravenous 121 Grendel (male)
28. grinilic fierce, terrible 3041 Flying reptile
29. gromheort hostile hearted 1682 Grendel (female)
30. grundwyrgen hellish monster 1518 Grendel (male)
31. gryrefah terr. variegated colouring 3041 Flying reptile
32. guthsceatha enemy, destroyer 2318 Flying reptile
33. haethstapa heath stalker 1368 Stag
34. heorowearh accursed outcast 1267 Grendel (male)
35. hordweard treasure guardian 2293 Flying reptile
36. hringboga coiled (or wrapped) creature 2561 Flying reptile
37. idese inlicness the likeness of a woman 1351 Grendel (female)
38. inwitgaest malicious foe 2670 Flying reptile
39. lathgeteona loathly spoiler 974 Grendel (male)
40. ligdraca fire dragon 2333 Flying reptile
41. ligegesa fire terror 2780 Flying reptile
42. lyfifloga air flier 2315 Flying rep. spec.
43. manfordaedla wicked destroyer 563 Sea monster
44. manscatha wicked ravager 712 Grendel (male)
45. mearcstapa march stalker 103 Grendel (male)
46. meredeor sea beast 558 Sea monster
47. mutlibona mouth slayer 2079 Grendel (male)
48. nearofah cruelly hostile 2317 Flying reptile
49. nicor water monster 845 Lake monster
50. nihtbealu night evil 193 Grendel (male)
51. nithdraca hostile dragon 2273 Flying reptile
52. nithgaest malicious foe 2699 Flying reptile
53. orcneas monsters 112 Monsters general
54. saedeor sea beast 1510 Sea monster
55. saedraca sea dragon 1426 Sea monster
56. sceadugenga walker in darkness 703 Grendel (male)
57. scinna demon 939 Grendel (male)
58. scucca demon 939 Grendel (male)
59. scynscatha hostile demon 707 Grendel (male)
60. searogrim fierce in battle 594 Grendel (male)
61. theodsceatha waster of peoples 2278 Flying reptile
62. thyrs giant 426 Grendel (male)
63. weres waestmum the shape of a man 1352 Grendel (male)
64. widfloga wide flyer 2346 Flying reptile
65. wihi unhaelo unholy monster 120 Grendel (male)
66. wildeor wild beast 1430 Lake monster
67. wohbogan coiled (or wrapped) creature 2827 Flying reptile
68. wrecend avenger 1256 Grendel (female)
69. wyrm serpent 1430 Lake monster
70. wyrmcynn race of serpents 1425 Monster species
71. ythgewinnes wave-thrasher 1434 Lake monster

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11. EPIC FROM JAPHETH TO BRUTUS

Post#23 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:39 am

11. EPIC FROM JAPHETH TO BRUTUS


Image
Note

In the above table, I have brought together the genealogies contained in no less than five diverse and ancient sources which show the descent of certain early patriarchs. Three of those sources begin with the same original, namely Japheth, otherwise remembered as Jupiter amongst the ancient and pagan Latin races, thus demonstrating beyond any reasonable doubt that Japheth was synonymous with Jupiter. And two of them end with Brutus, the eponymous founder of the early Britons. All of the sources differ from one another in many and various points, which rules out inter-dependency or copying. However, they also agree on many independent points, which demonstrates the historicity of the patriarchs listed. If it were at all possible to cite a comparable case where such ancient patriarchs are commonly listed amongst such diverse and independent sources, there can be little doubt that their historicity would be accepted without question amongst modern scholars. After all, the historicity of many other characters from the ancient world is accepted on much less evidence than this. Indeed, their historicity is accepted, more often than not, merely upon the single appearance of a name, without any other corroborative evidence being required. And yet the above genealogies that present the historian with such uniquely comprehensive and corroborative evidence are commonly listed as myth and fable. Perhaps the reason for this is better pondered upon than stated.

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12. THE DESCENT FROM JAPHETH OF THE MIAUTSO PEOPLE OF CHINA

Post#24 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:42 am

12. THE DESCENT FROM JAPHETH OF THE MIAUTSO PEOPLE OF CHINA

I have constructed the following patriarchal genealogy from the translation by Edgar Truax (1) of the oral traditions of the Miautso people of China. They were yet another early people who regarded themselves as being descended from Japheth, and who remembered some of the other early patriarchs whose names likewise appear in the Genesis record. They were found to already possess this knowledge in the form of ancient couplets when they were encountered for the first time by Christian missionaries. Moreover, they were in possession of surprisingly accurate recollections of the Creation and the Flood, and some of the close detail of their accounts coincides almost identically with the Genesis record. Having originally settled in what is now the Kiangsi province of China, from where they were later driven out by the Chinese, they claim that they are not themselves of Chinese stock, and this is borne out by their insistence that they are descended from Japheth, i.e. of Indo-European descent. The oral traditions in which the descent of the Miautso has been preserved, owe their purity to the fact that they have been recited faithfully and in fill at funerals, weddings and other public occasions since time immemorial.

Image
Notes on the Descent of the Miautso People of China

1. Dirt:This is Truax's English rendering of the original name, not a transposition. It is clearly meant to portray Adam, the version of whose name in the Miautso language (as in Hebrew, Akkadian and so on), means earth or clay, the substance from which he was created.

2. Se-teh: The Biblical Seth.

3. Lusu: The names in the book of the Generations of Adam (Genesis 5) that immediately follow that of Seth are: Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch and Methuselah. The name Lusu may conceivably be identified as a corruption of one of the elements of Mahalaleel. Otherwise, it is unidentifiable.

4. Gehlo: A corruption, perhaps, of the final element of Methuselah's name. Otherwise, it is unidentifiable.

5. Lama: The Biblical Lamech.

6. Nuah: Noah. In the Miautso account, Nuah was a righteous man who was commanded by God to build a great ark. The release of the dove from the ark is mentioned amidst a graphic and somewhat horrifying depiction of the Flood itself and the eventual drying out of the land.

7. Gaw Bo-lu-en: Apart from certain Jewish traditions, this is an interesting and rare naming of Noah's wife. Genesis, of course, does not give her name.

8. Lo Han: The Biblical Ham. The descent of the following identifiable patriarchs is given along with a graphic account of Babel and the confusion of tongues. It is then told how the nations spread out from Babel and encircled the globe. This is a surprising preservation of ancient knowledge, for the Miautso, at the time of their first encounter with missionaries, had no concept of the earth being round.

9. Cusah:The Biblical Cush.

10. Mesay: The Biblical Mizraim.

11. Lo Shen: The Biblical Shem.

12. Elan: The Biblical Elam.

13. Nga-shur: The Biblical Asshur.

14. Jah-jbku: The Biblical Japheth.

15. Go-men: The Biblical Gomer.

16. ???: An unnamed patriarch.

17. Tutan: This was an adopted name.

18. The following list of patriarchs and matriarchs indicate the seriousness with which the Miautso kept their pedigrees in common with many other early peoples.

19. According to the Miautso themselves, of these eleven children or tribes, five formed the Miautso nation, and six intermarried with the invading Chinese.

Note

1. Truax, E. Genesis According to the Miao People. Impact Article. April 1991. Institute for Creation Research. P0 Box 2667. El Cajon. California 92021. USA.

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13. BRITAIN'S FIRST CHRISTIAN

Post#25 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:43 am

13. BRITAIN'S FIRST CHRISTIAN

'The wars and persecutions which followed the first preaching of the gospel in Britain have destroyed all certain records of Christianity in these early times.' (Churton, E. The Early English Church. London. 1841. p. 3)

The above comment, made over 150 years ago, is typical of the mistaken assumption under which scholars have laboured for centuries. The records of this island's earliest Church, far from having been destroyed or lost, are in fact to be found in the Welsh documents known as the Triads. The fact that no notice has been taken of them down the centuries is due entirely to the prejudice that has been lain upon anything of Welsh origin since the Augustine-inspired massacre of the Welsh clergy at Bangor in the early 7th century. To read some books these days, one could easily be misled into thinking that Augustine himself was practically the first Christian to land on these shores, the 'Lucius' mission to Rome of the late 2nd century and the Celtic Church in general receiving minimal notice.

Modern scholarship, when dealing with the earliest appearances of the Christian faith in Britain, will usually set up straw-men, personified in the late Saxon-cum-Norman legends of Joseph of Arimathea and of St Paul's allegedly landing here, only to knock them down again with the erroneous observation that nothing can be certainly known before Augustine's day. Otherwise, all is legend and insubstantial myth. But is it? As is often the case, the original records carry a somewhat different story. Flinders Petrie tells us about it:

'The Lucius question next arises. To judge of this we must look at the whole of the statements about the rise of the British Church. We must carefully keep to the authorities, as confusion has arisen by modern authors making arbitrary identifications of the east British or London family of Casswallon with the west British or Silurian family of Caradog. The actual statements of the triads name two generations before Caradog (Caratacus) and three after him - Llyr, Bran, Caradog, Cyllin, Coel, Lleirwg. From triads 18 and 35, Bran was seven years a hostage in Rome for his son Caradog - implying that Caradog was sent back to rule in Britain. The seven years, therefore, would be from AD 51 to 58. From Rome he "brought the faith of Christ to the Cambrians". Looking at the Epistle to the Romans, written AD 58, the obvious strength of Christianity then, its hold in Caesar's household, where Bran was a hostage, and its political position under Nero, there is nothing in the least improbable in a British hostage in Rome being among converts by AD 58. In triad 62, Lleirwg, the great-grandson of Caradog, "first gave lands and the privilege of the country (i.e. position of native free-men) to those who first dedicated themselves to the faith of Christ", and he founded the first archbishopric, that of Llandav. This would be about AD 130 to 160. Three generations for such a spread of influence from one of the royal family is certainly not too short a time.

Next comes the account in Tysilio [i.e. Jesus College MS LXI] and the Liber Pontificalis, that Lies (Lucius) sent to Eleutherius, "soon after his entrance upon the pontificate", or about AD 180, for missioners from Rome. If the west British rulers had already started official Christianity a generation or two earlier, there is nothing unlikely in this movement. That Christianity was firmly established in even remote parts of Britain at the close of the second century is shown by Tertullian stating that "the Britons in parts inaccessible to the Romans, Christ has truly subdued". Collateral with this is the great importance of the Gallic Church under Irenaeus AD 180. The later stage, of the British bishops in AD 314 attending the Council of Aries, brings the development into the full course of ecclesiastical history. In this growth thus recorded there is not a single stage that is historically inconsistent or improbable. Further agreeing with this is the genealogy of Vortigern in Nennius (49), where, amid purely British names, Paul occurs at about AD 175.'

Note

1. Adv. IUD., p. 189, edit. 1664.

Flinders Petrie made just one mistake here in that he misinterpreted the genealogy of Vortigern as being given in descending order in the original Latin of Nennius, when in fact it is given in ascending order. In other words, Paul did not live before Vortigern (who flourished ca AD 450) but after him, probably around the year AD 600:

Image

The mistake is surprising, for Nennius specifically states that this genealogy is 'traced backwards to the beginning' ( Haec est genealogia illius quae ad initium retro recurrit), i.e. in ascending order, rather than forwards to the end in descending order. But in everything else, Flinders Petrie is perfectly correct. It is unequivocally stated in the early records that the man who first brought the Christian faith to these shores was none other than Bran, the father of Caratacus (Caradog) who, with his family, was taken to Rome in chains and paraded before the Senate by the Emperor Claudius with the view to their immediate and summary execution. Caratacus (or, more usually, Caractacus), however, gave his famous speech of defiance that earned him instead the Senate's applause, a state pension and apartments in the Imperial Palace. And here conventional history loses sight of him. But the triads add to our knowledge. They tell us that, in perfect accord with previous Roman practice, Caratacus was allowed home to rule as a puppet king, but his family were kept behind as surety for his good behaviour. Whilst detained for seven years in Caesar's household, his father Bran was converted to Christ, and when allowed to return to Britain in AD 58, the very year of Paul's epistle to the Romans, he brought the Christian faith with him. It is difficult to imagine a more straightforward, uncomplicated and entirely feasible account, and we can only wonder why it has been ignored all these years.

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14. THE IRISH CHRONICLES AND THE END OF THE ICE AGE

Post#26 » Tue Dec 27, 2005 12:45 am

14. THE IRISH CHRONICLES AND THE END OF THE ICE AGE

One of the questions often raised concerning the early post-Flood history of Europe, is that of the Ice Age, the impression being no doubt that the Ice Age poses some kind of a problem for the biblical model. Few creationists would question the historical reality of the so-called Ice Age, although we would certainly question the vast span of time allotted to it under the evolutionary scheme of things. In other words, it is something that would have lasted only a few centuries, perhaps even a thousand years or more, rather than the hundreds of thousands of years proposed by others. But of added interest to us in this present study is the fact that the receding of the ice sheets over northern Europe seems to have been witnessed by some of its earliest colonists who have left intriguing records behind them.

Nennius, for example, in the 13th chapter of his Historia Brittonum, has preserved a fascinating account of an unexpected encounter with an iceberg by some early colonists of Ireland. Having arrived from the warm Mediterranean basin via the Spanish peninsula at an unspecified date, and being entirely unfamiliar with ice at sea, at the end of their first year in Ireland they looked out at sea and saw what they described as a 'tower of glass.'( ...conspiciunt turrim uitream in medio mare). Moreover, upon the tower they could see what they took to be men, but could get no reply from them when they shouted ( ...et homines cons piciebant et quaerebant loqui ad illos nun quam respondebant). They therefore launched an attack upon the tower. Some of their boats were wrecked on the ice, while some men who had managed to land upon it were washed off by the heavy seas and drowned .( ...et demersi sunt).

The creatures on the ice that had looked like 'men' at a distance, were probably seals. But added to this intriguing account (icebergs have always been a rare sight off the coast of Ireland since those early days), we have the following detail that can be dated with fair precision. It appears in the Irish Annals of Ctonmacnoise, translated into English in the year 1627 by Conell Mageoghagan, where firstly we are told that during Partholan's coming to Ireland (15th century BC) he counted 'but three laughs [lochs or lakes] and nyne Rivers in the Kingdom'. (1) But then, during the later second colonisation of Ireland, we are told that 'Many Laughs and Rivers broke out in their time'. (2)

Lakes and rivers don't just suddenly 'break out' in a short period of time without a source of water that is truly vast. So it would seem, therefore, that we are given in the early Irish records an intriguing glimpse into the melting of the north European ice-sheets which occurred some short time after the 15th century BC. Given Ussher's chronology for the year of the Flood, 2348 BC, and assuming that the ice covered Europe soon after the receding of the Flood waters, that would allow about a thousand years for the Ice Age. The Britons didn't settle under Brutus in these islands until some three hundred years later (ca 1104 BC), which is doubtless why their records contain no allusions to ice or a sudden burgeoning of rivers and lakes as do the earlier Irish accounts.

Notes:

1. Mageoghagan, C. 1627. The Annals of Clonmacnoise. Printed in Dublin at the University Press. 1896. (Murphy ed.). p. 13.

2. ibid. p. 15.



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Topsell, E. 1608. T he History of Four-Footed Beasts and Serpents.London. Also printed by G. Sawbridge, T. Williams & T. Johnson. London. 1658.

Unger, M. 1954. Archaeology and the Old Testament.Zondervan. Michigan.

Wade-Evans, A.W. 1938. Nennius' History of the Britons.SPCK.

West, David. 1990. Virgil: The Aeneid.Penguin Classics. London.

Westwood, Jennifer. 1985. Albion: A Guide to Legendary Britain.Granada. London.

Whiston, William. 1981. Josephus: Complete Works. Pickering & Inglis. London.

Whitlock, R. 1983. Here Be Dragons.George Allen & Unwin. Boston.

Wright. (ed.). 1841-5. Reliquae Antiquac.Copy held at London's Guildhall Library, Alderruanbury.

[Back to the Reactor Core]

Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me. (Matthew 25:40)


This document is provided for reference purposes only. Statements in this document do not reflect the opinions of Reactor Core staff or Jonathan Walther. If you find ought to disagree with, that is as it ought be. Train your mind to test every thought, ideology, train of reasoning, and claim to truth. There is no justice when even a single voice goes unheard. (1 Thessalonians 5:21, 1 John 4:1-3, John 14:26, John 16:26, Revelation 12:10, Proverbs 14:15, Proverbs 18:13)

Glory to God, Ad Dei Gloriam

PokerBass
Acolyte
Posts: 437

bttt

Post#27 » Tue Aug 15, 2006 4:09 am

bumping this up since it's topical with my other posts this morning.

PokerBass
Acolyte
Posts: 437

anniversary of his murder

Post#28 » Tue Aug 15, 2006 3:57 pm

Dis is a schmall reminder of vat happens to chaps with flappy yaps, ya!!! Villiam was too schmart for his own good. Learn dis lesson well, citizen. Schtay schtupid and you vill live a long and unmemorable life.



http://www.cam.net.uk/home/nimmann/peace/dead.htm

Please judge yourself, if this shooting of a critic of the CIA and US government is more than an accident - Ralph Nimmann



William Cooper Killed in Arizona after 9/11
update: 5 Nov '01
SierraTimes.com 6th November 2001
"...God bless my family. I love my wife & children more than life itself. Everything I do is for the future of all my children. They may not understand why I have sacrificed so much, why I am so dedicated to this work; but someday they will. I want them to know they are the most important People in my life, and how very, very much I love them..." - William Cooper
EAGER, AZ - William Cooper has been killed and an Apache County sheriff's deputy wounded in a shoot-out, authorities said.

William Milton Cooper, 58, of Eager, had hosted a talk show broadcast on the Worldwide Christian Radio out of Nashville, which receives it via phone from his home in St. Johns.

The deputy, whose name was being withheld by authorities, was shot twice in the head while trying to arrest Cooper, a state Department of Public Safety spokesman said today. Cooper was killed by another officer.

Several deputies were attempting to arrest Cooper, who was armed with a handgun, said Officer Steve Volden, a spokesman for the DPS, which was investigating the shooting. He said details of the shooting would be released later today. The deputy was in critical condition at a Phoenix hospital early today, Volden said.

Cooper was one of the most widely known Shortwave radio broadcast, "the Hour of the Time", heard worldwide and on the Internet. "William Cooper may be one of America's greatest heroes and this story may be the biggest story in the history of the world." said Mills Crenshaw, KTALK, Salt Lake City.

William Cooper was reared in an Air Force family. As a child he lived in many different countries, graduating from Yamato High School in Japan. Since he has traveled through or lived in many different foreign countries Mr. Cooper has a world view much different than most Americans.

William served with the Strategic Air Command, United States Air Force. He held a secret clearance working on B-52 bombers, KC-135 refueling aircraft, and Minuteman missiles. William received his Honorable Discharge from the United States Air Force in 1965.

William joined the United States Navy fulfilling a dream previously frustrated by chronic motion sickness. He served aboard the submarine USS Tiru (SS-416), USS Tombigbee (AOG-11), Naval Support Activity Danang RVN, Naval Security and Intelligence Camp Carter RVN, Danang Harbor Patrol RVN, Dong Ha River Security Group RVN, USS Charles Berry (DE-1035), Headquarters Commander in Chief Pacific Fleet, USS Oriskany (CVA-34).

Cooper was a member of the Office of Naval Security and Intelligence serving as a Harbor and River Patrol Boat Captain at Danang and the Dong Ha River Security Group, Cua Viet, Republic of Vietnam. William Cooper was awarded several medals for his leadership and heroism during combat including two with "V" for Valor.

He served on the Intelligence Briefing Team for the Commander In Chief of the Pacific Fleet. William was the Petty Officer of the Watch and designated KL-47 SPECAT operator in the CINCPACFLT Command Center at Makalapa Hawaii. There he held a Top Secret, Q, SI, security clearance.

William Cooper achieved the rank of First Class Petty Officer, QM1, E- 6 after only 8 years of Naval service, a difficult task in any branch of the United States military. William Cooper received an Honorable Discharge from the United States Navy on December 11, 1975.

William attended Long Beach City College where he picked up an Associate of Science Degree in Photography. He founded the Absolute Image Studio and Gallery of Fine Art Photography in Long Beach, California.

William held the position of Executive Director of Adelphi Business College, Pacific Coast Technical Institute, and National Technical College. Mr. Cooper was the National Marketing Coordinator for National Education and Software.

He produced several documentaries covering subjects such as the Kennedy assassination and secret black projects that have built flying disk shaped craft. William is an internationally acclaimed radio personality broadcasting the Hour Of The Time on WBCQ worldwide short-wave 7.415 MHz from 10 PM until 11 PM Eastern Standard Time (0300 to 0400 UTC) Monday through Thursday nights.

William Cooper is the author of Behold A Pale Horse. The book has become the best selling underground book of all time. It is read and promoted by word of mouth by People of all races, religions, and nationalities.

Mr. Cooper is a world class lecturer, one of the few other than superstars, monarchs, and Popes who have appeared at Wembly in London. William Cooper has lectured for 10 years in every State.

William Cooper, Trustee, has founded for Harvest Trust, the CAJI News Service, VERITAS national full size newspaper, The Intelligence Service, Harvest Publications, and has helped over 700 low power FM affiliate stations get equipped and on the air... including the station he managed as Trustee for the Independence Foundation Trust, 101.1 FM Eagar, Arizona, broadcasting to 7,000 people.

Under his leadership Harvest Trust ventured into the publishing trade. The first book under the Harvest Trust imprint was Oklahoma City: Day One by Michele Marie Moore... the definitive classic on the Oklahoma City bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building on April 19, 1995.

Shortly after the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah federal building Rush Limbaugh read a White House memo on the air during his broadcast which named William Cooper, "...the most dangerous radio host in America". Mr. Cooper considers William Clinton's pronouncement the greatest compliment that he has ever received.

William Cooper's FBI file, promulgated by the investigation required by his security clearances while in military service, was one of those unlawfully in possession of the White House in what has become known as, "Filegate". Shortly after this discovery President Clinton ordered all federal agencies to begin investigation, persecution, and prosecution of Mr. Cooper to shut him up.

After years of filing FOIA requests and researching the IRS William Cooper brought suit against the IRS in Federal District Court in Phoenix Arizona to force the IRS to produce proof of jurisdiction and delegation of authority which the IRS was unable to do. To short circuit Mr. Cooper's attempt to reveal the true nature of the criminal IRS, and to carry out the orders of the White House, the agency lied to a Grand Jury, not allowing William Cooper to testify, and secured indictments against Mr. Cooper and his wife Annie. This ploy successfully stopped Mr. Cooper from continuing his suit against the criminal IRS for fear of being arrested.

In 1998 VERITAS and Harvest Publications was sold to Hallmark Creative Corporation along with the copyright and all rights to all written material produced or ever to be produced by William Cooper including Behold A Pale Horse and Oklahoma City: Day One. Hallmark Creative Corporation has contracted to insure this material is always available to the public.

In 1998 copyrights and all rights to all audio and video material produced or ever to be produced by William Cooper was sold to Excel Studios Corporation including the Hour Of The Time broadcast. Excel Studios has contracted to insure this material is always available to the public.

In March of 1999, Cooper William Sent his family out of the United States for their security. He lived and worked alone with his two dogs, one rooster, and one chicken.

www.sierratimes.com/archive/files/nov/06/arwc110601.htm
MainPage www.rense.com
See also http://williamcooper.com

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