Blacklight Power

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Blacklight Power

Post#1 » Sun Dec 28, 2008 7:33 pm

i am surprised this isn't listed.
unlimited free-energy is already here.

Site Admin
Posts: 7781

very cool find

Post#2 » Sat Jan 03, 2009 9:25 pm

very cool find
thanks for sharing the info

Site Admin
Posts: 7781

info from their site

Post#3 » Sat Jan 03, 2009 9:30 pm

BlackLight Power Process

BlackLight Power, Inc. has created a commercially competitive, nonpolluting new primary source of energy. From the solved physical structure of electrons in atoms, a process to release the latent energy of the hydrogen atom was invented. In BlackLight's patented process, atomic hydrogen is reacted with a catalyst, and energy is released as the electrons of atomic hydrogen are induced by the catalyst to undergo transitions to lower energy levels to form lower-energy hydrogen atoms called hydrinos. Since hydrinos have energy levels much lower than uncatalyzed hydrogen atoms, the energy release is intermediate between conventional chemical and nuclear energies. The net energy released may be over one hundred times that of combustion with power densities like those of fossil fuel combustion and nuclear power plants. Thus, the catalysis of atomic hydrogen, the BlackLight Process, represents a potential new source of energy. The hydrogen fuel is obtained by diverting a fraction of the output energy of the process to power the electrolysis of water into its elemental constituents. With water as the fuel, the operational cost of BlackLight Power generators will be very inexpensive. Moreover, rather than air pollutants or radioactive waste, novel hydrogen compounds with potential commercial applications are the by-products. The BlackLight Process offers a prospectively efficient, clean, cheap, and versatile thermal energy source.

Two of the potential applications of its technology are in heating and electric power production. The Company believes that heat generating prototypes have shown the BlackLight Process to be potentially competitive with existing primary generation sources over a range of scales from microdistributed to central power generation. The BlackLight Process thermal power source may be ideal for interfacing with commercially available electric power generating equipment including Sterling engines and turbines for microdistributed and distributed electrical applications, respectively. On larger scales, the BlackLight technology is well-suited for the utility industries and could eliminate problems such as those arising from the variable regional supply and price of fuels such as coal and natural gas, the cost of building out a suitable supporting infrastructure and transmission grids, and eliminate pollution, greenhouse gas emission and other externalities.

BlackLight Power Plants

The BlackLight Process is a new primary energy source that has unique competitive advantages in all energy markets: electricity, heat, cogeneration (electricity production with waste heat recovery and utilization), and motive power. BlackLight Power has recently achieved a breakthrough in power generation by the invention of a solid fuel that uses conventional chemical reactions to generate the catalyst and atomic hydrogen at high reactant densities that in turn controllably achieves very high power densities. The energy gain is well above that required to regenerate the solid fuel, and experimental evidence confirms the theoretical energy balance per weight of the hydrogen consumed of 1000 times that of the most energetic fuel known. Consequently, the mass balance and cost per unit energy is projected to be much lower than that of burning fossil fuels. Plant designs utilize continuous regeneration of the solid fuel mixture using known industrial processes, and the only consumable, hydrogen, is obtained ultimately from water due to the enormous net energy release relative to combustion.

Furthermore, the process is nonpolluting. Since the identified more-stable-hydrogen (dihydrino) molecule byproduct is stable and lighter-than-air, it cannot accumulate in the Earth's atmosphere. Thus, the enormous annual fossil fuel cost and the environmental impact to the air, water, and ground of producing, handling, and using fossil fuels may be eliminated. Similarly, the radioactive waste from nuclear plants, their tremendous infrastructure costs, and security and accident risks may also be avoided. Rather than pollutants the byproducts have significant advanced technology applications based on their stability characteristics (See Chemical Technologies). For example, hydrino hydride ions having extraordinary binding energies may stabilize a cation (positively-charged ion of a battery) in an extraordinarily high oxidation state as the basis of a high voltage battery, and significant applications exist for the corresponding dihydrino molecules wherein the excited vibration-rotational levels could be the basis of a UV laser that could significantly advance photolithography and line-of-sight telecommunications.

With simple systems, commercial levels of power can be generated at typical power-plant operating temperatures and at higher power densities. The power was also found to be linearly scalable. BlackLight's commercial development of the energy technologies will focus on optimization of the BlackLight Process, energy device optimization, staged scale-up of power devices, and build-out of power plants. BlackLight expects scale-up engineering activity to take place in parallel with process optimization and device optimization, and intends to significantly increase the number of engineers and scientists dedicated to commercial development. One of the activities of our engineers will be interfacing with the thousands of engineers at design, architecture, and engineering firms around the world, contracted to perform certain aspects of the development work. Based on empirical data and experience, BlackLight believes it is reasonable to scale in factors of ten to one hundred. Then, BlackLight intends to rely on existing technologies to convert thermal power to electric power. As BlackLight devices generate surface heat at grades comparable to existing commercial fire boxes in natural gas and coal-fired plants, existing heat-to-electric technologies such as gas turbine, micro-turbine and Sterling engines can be melded with BlackLight power cells to generate electricity, as well as space and process heat.

BlackLight intends to incrementally pursue commercial development of power plants of all useful scales and applications such as heating and central, distributed, and microdistributed electrical power. This will be done through a combination of internal engineering and development, external consultants, architect and engineering (A&E) firms, and under license. BlackLight will license its process for a fee per thermal energy unit (e.g. $x per thermal kilowatt hour or $y per BTU) (see Licensing Strategy). BlackLight anticipates licensees contracting for retrofit of existing plants and for turnkey plants to be built by architect and engineering firms and original equipment manufacturers.

Due to the unique capabilities of our power source, new power-generation business opportunities of distributed generation and hydrogen-fuel production with large markets exist even at power scales that are achievable in the near term. In case of the latter application, consider that the average US gas station pumps about 2000 gallons of gasoline per day corresponding to an energy equivalent of 3 MW of electricity that could be provided by using the BlackLight Process. Thus, power cells of the 1-10 MW electric scale may be a competitive solution for generating electricity locally at gas stations, for example, while also producing hydrogen gas from the electrolysis of water using the electrical output temporarily diverted from the local grid as a replacement for gasoline. The savings of avoiding transmission and distribution costs represent a considerable cost advantage that is often half the price of electricity. Considering the absence of fuel costs that is permissive of reduced complexity and costs of power-conversion equipment, lack of pollution, the ability to economically produce hydrogen on-site for use in internal combustion engines and PEM fuel cells, BlackLight represents for the first time a possibility to realize the vision of the hydrogen economy that frees the world from fossil fuels.

Introduction to BLP
(Video) An overview of BlackLight's recent advances in power and molecular modeling.

Technical Presentation
This is a large file which may take a while to load.

Summary of recent experimental results and overview of BlackLight technology with updated animations.

Business Presentation
This is a large file which may take a while to load.

An overview of BlackLight's business, technology and market potential.

Technical Papers
Submitted and published journal articles on experimental studies of BlackLight technology.

BlackLight Process
Watch animations showing the chemical process inside the prototype BlackLight reactors.

Theory Resources
Learn more about the theory with animations, spreadsheets, book chapters, etc.

Diagram of the BlackLight Plant Process - This diagram shows how a BlackLight Reactor might power a steam turbine.

Diagram of the Solid Fuel Reactor
Overview of BlackLight's new solid fuel reactor cell assembly, showing the reactor cell, heater, water cooled heat exchanger, and gas inputs and outputs. View detailed caption.

Chemical Technologies

The lower-energy atomic hydrogen product of the BlackLight Process reacts with an electron to form a hydride ion, which further reacts with elements other than hydrogen to form novel proprietary compounds called hydrino hydride compounds (HHCs). BlackLight is developing the vast class of proprietary chemical compounds formed via the BlackLight Process. Test results indicate that the properties of HHCs are rich in diversity due to their extraordinary binding energy (i.e., the energy required to remove an electron which determines the chemical reactivity and properties). Hydrino hydride ions have the potential to be as useful as carbon as a base “element.” Carbon is a base element for many useful compounds ranging from diamonds, to synthetic fibers, to liquid gasoline, to pharmaceuticals. The novel compositions of matter and associated technologies could have far-reaching applications in many industries including the chemical, lighting, computer, energetic materials, battery, propellant, surface coatings, electronics, telecommunications, aerospace, and automotive industries. BlackLight is researching and developing the following:

Hydrino-terminated Silicon for Microelectronics Applications

BlackLight has synthesized amorphous silicon hydride films containing hydrino that is more stable to air. Ordinary amorphous silicon hydride films are the active component of important semiconductor devices such as photovoltaics, optoelectronics, liquid crystal displays, and field-effect transistors. The published results of highly stable amorphous silicon hydride coating may advance the production of integrated circuits and microdevices by resisting the oxygen passivation of the surface. In addition, an increase in device performance and versatility is anticipated by altering the dielectric constant and band gap.

Diamond Films

Polycrystalline crystal diamond films and novel hydrogenated diamond-like carbon (HDLC) surface coatings terminated with hydrino hydride ions were synthesized using the BlackLight Process at lower combined temperature and power requirements and at a higher rate compared to conventional techniques. BlackLight believes its novel method involving generation of highly energetic species in the plasma from the BlackLight Process is a revolutionary departure from the limiting process used currently. Diamond and HDLC films have many applications such as cutting tools, thermal management of integrated circuits, optical windows, high temperature electronics, surface acoustic wave (SAW) filters, field emission displays, electrochemical sensors, composite reinforcement, microchemical devices and sensors, and particle detectors.

Hydrino Hydride Compounds

Portable Electronics Battery

A battery based on the high stability of a class of the negatively charged hydrino hydride ions may have an unprecedented high voltage with the advantages of much greater power and energy density. BlackLight has analytical data identifying extremely stable negative ions, the hydrino hydride ions, which can stabilize positively charged ions in highly charged states. The extraordinarily stable hydrino hydride ions may balance the charge of the positive ions without reacting with them and function as an electrochemical compound of an advanced battery. At least a 10-fold increase in performance relative to current batter technologies may eventually be possible using BlackLight Chemicals.

Energetic Propellant

BlackLight’s experimental results provide strong support that special formulations of hydrino hydride ions may react to form the corresponding observed much more stable hydrogen molecule called the dihydrino molecule. The more stable the molecule, the more energy given off in its formation. Based on the measured energy difference between the resultant molecule and the starting reactant hydride ion, the energy release may be more than ten-times that of conventional energetic materials. A hydrino hydride-based propellant with the energy release per weight of many factors that of the hydrogen-combustion reaction currently used to propel the space shuttle may be transformational especially given the logarithmic dependence on fuel-weight to lift in the rocketry equation.

Light and Laser Technologies


In an embodiment, the power from the BlackLight Process forms a plasma (a hot, glowing, ionized gas) that represents a primary light source as well as a primary energy source in the form of heat. Systems have been developed that harness the power primarily as light. Prototype lighting devices comprising a cell similar to a conventional light bulb but containing a catalyst of the BlackLight Process as well as a source of atomic hydrogen have produced thousands of times more light for input power using 1% the voltage compared to standard light sources. Projected into a product, these results indicate the possibility of a light that could deliver the power of conventional fluorescent and incandescent lighting, but operate off of a flashlight battery for a year without an electrical connection.

Short-Wavelength Gas Laser

The lower-energy molecular hydrogen (designated dihydrino) having experimentally-confirmed vibration and rotational energy levels that are at extraordinarily higher energy levels than known molecules may be exploited as a revolutionary laser medium. Gas lasers such as the carbon dioxide laser are extraordinarily efficient and powerful; thus, they are ubiquitous in industry. Essentially any simple molecule like carbon dioxide and hydrogen can be made to emit laser light based on the fact that each vibrates and rotates at many discrete frequencies. The molecule can be pumped (or energetically excited) to a high vibration-rotational level and emit laser light by cascading to an intermediate level not ordinarily populated at the operating temperature of the gas where the laser transition may be selected based on the laser cavity design. A laser may be realized using cavities and mirrors that are appropriate for the desired wavelength similar to those of current lasers based on molecular vibration-rotational levels such as the CO2 laser. However, an advantage exists to produce laser light at much shorter wavelengths such as ultraviolet (UV) and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) wavelengths. Such lasers have a significant application in photolithography, the technique for manufacturing microelectronics semiconductor devices such as processors and memory chips. The density of integrated circuits can be increased by a least a factor of 10 with an EUV laser which would be transformational in a trillion dollar annual hardware market. Only a free electron laser (FEL) appears suitable as a light source for the Next Generation Lithography (NGL) based on EUV lithography. The opportunity may exist with BlackLight Technology to replace a FEL that occupies the size of a large building with a table-top laser comprising a laser tube containing dihydrino gas that is excited by a standard electron beam. Many other wavelengths from the infrared to soft X-rays are possible based on the selected electronic-energy state of the dihydrino gas of the laser medium. A soft X-ray laser has been long sought for missile defense systems.

Lasers Using Hydrogen Plasma

BlackLight believes that it has demonstrated that the BlackLight Process maintained in its plasma cell may cause population inversion of the ordinary atomic hydrogen lines in the plasma cell. This further confirms that the catalytic reaction releases enormous amounts of energy to cause steady-state inversion in a plasma which was not previously possible. This breakthrough of inversion is projected to be the basis of a hydrogen laser having a wide range of commercially important wavelengths that are ideal for many communications and microelectronics applications such as displays, optical sensors, laser printers and scanners, fiber optical communications, medical devices, and higher density compact disk (CD) players. A key distinguishing possibility is the realization of a blue laser since blue wavelengths can see submarines and mines from space, and permit light-of-sight and undersea telecommunications as well as many other applications. A blue laser is also possible using dihydrino as the medium, which may also be pumped by application of power such as electron-beam power.

Millsian Software

BlackLight Power, Inc.'s wholly owned subsidiary, Millsian, Inc., is dedicated to developing computational chemical design technology based on The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics (GUT-CP), a revolutionary approach of using classical physical laws to solve the structure of electrons in atoms, and molecules, and all forms of matter. For the first time in history, the key building blocks of organic chemistry called functional groups shown in Table 1 were solved. Now, the true physical structure and parameters of an infinite number of organic molecules up to infinite length and complexity can be obtained to permit the engineering of new pharmaceuticals and materials at the molecular level. The results obtained essentially instantaneously match the experimental values typically to the limit of measurement.

The same approach was applied successfully to bulk forms of matter containing trillions of trillions of electrons. For example, using the basic solution of the carbon bonds of the simplest hydrocarbon molecules as elements in an infinite network, the nature of the solid molecular bond for all known fundamental forms of carbon (graphite, diamond, C60, and their combinations) were solved. By further extension of this modular approach, the solid molecular bond of silicon and the nature of semiconductor bond were solved. The nature of most types of bonding in matter have already been solved using GUT-CP. Fundamental forms of matter such as the nature of the ionic bond, the metallic bond, and additional major fields of chemistry such as that of silicon, organometallics, and boron were solved exactly such that the position and energy of each electron is precisely specified. These results agree with observations to the limit of measurement. Some forms of matter of infinite extent as well as additional major fields of chemistry are given in Table 2.

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